Balisage Series on Markup Technologies

ISSN 1947-2609

Volume 25: Proceedings of Balisage: The Markup Conference 2020

ISBN-13 978-1-935958-21-5

Balisage: The Markup Conference 2020

Washington, DC

July 27 - 31, 2020

Balisage is a peer-reviewed conference designed to meet the needs of markup theoreticians and practitioners who are pushing the boundaries of the field. It’s all about the markup: how to create it; what it means; hierarchies and overlap; modeling; taxonomies; transformation; query, searching, and retrieval; presentation and accessibility; making systems that make markup dance (or dance faster to a different tune in a smaller space) — in short, changing the world and the web through the power of markup.

Topics discussed in papers on the 2020 program include: XSLT regular expressions for Unicode, making high-quality Microsoft Word from XML, the expressive powers of XSD schema patterns, markup as a writing discipline, converting typesetting codes to structured XML, XSpec unit testing, IDE code, completion from XML documentation, statistical plotting with XSLT and SVG, XML for art, pipelined XML transformations, and what can SVG learn from OHCO. Also discussed will be be the use of declarative markup for improving the accessibility of documents, microrevisions in authorial manuscripts, recipes (a 30-year-old promise), measuring document similarity, accessibility metadata statements, a spell-checking framework for custom dictionaries, cybersecurity documents, and redesigning the Balisage Proceeding website for accessibility.


Silver Sponsors

Antenna House, Inc. was founded in August of 1984 in Tokyo, Japan, as a software company, focused on data usability. Antenna House, Inc. has led the data conversion sector in Japan since that time. The company currently operates out of four international locations and welcomes new partners from around the globe. For information on the full line of Antenna House XML Products, visit

Docugami is a Seattle-area document engineering startup that transforms how businesses create and manage documents for greater productivity, compliance, and insight using breakthrough artificial intelligence. Founded in March 2018 by former senior engineering leaders from Microsoft, Docugami harnesses a wide range of artificial intelligence techniques, including natural language processing, image recognition, declarative markup, and other approaches, to radically improve how documents enhance business processes, rather than slowing them down with tedious manual labor and disconnected data.


NISO, the National Information Standards Organization, a non-profit association accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), identifies, develops, maintains, and publishes technical standards to manage information in today's continually changing digital environment. NISO standards apply to both traditional and new technologies and to information across its whole lifecycle, from creation through documentation, use, repurposing, storage, metadata, and preservation.

Oxygen XML Editor

<oXygen/> XML Editor is a cross-platform application available on all the major operating systems (Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, Solaris), either standalone or as an Eclipse plugin. Download a trial version from



There is nothing so practical as a good theory