Contents to be relegated to a footnote or endnote, with a reference to be generated in place.

Footnotes, and cross-references to them, should not be used inside Abstract, which may be exported to external systems.


A footnote cited only once does not need any special tagging for its reference, which is provided automatically. A footnote can be cited more than once by using Cross-Reference for its second and subsequent citations. Note that the Footnote element itself should be used for its first citation, since footnotes will be numbered in order of first appearance.


xml:id XML Unique Identifier
xreflabel Cross-Reference Label

Expanded Content Model



<para> Paragraph, one or more

This element may be contained in:

<emphasis>, <para>, <quote>, <subtitle>, <td>, <term>, <th>, <title>


    <para>With land claimed in the New World, an expedition was mounted to establish a settlement.
      The first expedition failed. Led by Sir Richard Grenville in April 1585, it encompassed 600
      men of which 105 remained in the colony while Grenville returned to England for additional
      provisions. (<emphasis role="ital">See</emphasis>
      <xref linkend="mul83"/>.) However, when almost a year passed without Grenville’s return, the
      remainder of the expeditionary force took advantage of Sir Francis Drake’s arrival to seek
      return passage to England. <footnote xml:id="mul74">
        <para>It has been argued that the first expedition was not a failure. Richard Grenville did
          return to the colony with additional provisions not long after Drake’s departure, and he
          ordered 15 men, supposedly supplied for two years, to remain in the colony while he
          returned for new settlers. However, it is unknown whether these men were present to greet
          the subsequent expedition.</para>