How to cite this paper

Carpenter, Todd. “Moving toward common vocabularies and interoperable data.” Presented at Balisage: The Markup Conference 2016, Washington, DC, August 2 - 5, 2016. In Proceedings of Balisage: The Markup Conference 2016. Balisage Series on Markup Technologies, vol. 17 (2016).

Balisage: The Markup Conference 2016
August 2 - 5, 2016

Balisage Paper: Moving toward common vocabularies and interoperable data

Todd Carpenter

Executive Director

National Information Standards Organization (NISO)

Todd Carpenter is Executive Director of the National Information Standards Organization (NISO), a US-based non-profit industry trade association that fosters the development and maintenance of standards that facilitate the creation, persistent management, discovery, and effective interchange of information in publishing and media. Throughout his career, Todd has served in a variety of roles with organizations that connected the publisher, library and software communities. Prior to joining NISO, Todd had been Director of Business Development with BioOne. He has held management positions at The Johns Hopkins University Press, the Energy Intelligence Group, and the Haworth Press. He is a graduate of Syracuse University and holds a masters in business from the Johns Hopkins Univeristy. Todd is also editor of the recently published book, The Critical Component: Standards in Information Distribution published by the American Library Association.


The maturity and stability achieved by a standard like XML, far from being an impediment to creativity, should give users the confidence in the opportunities for innovation. The extensibility that has served as an inspiration to those who wish to take ownership of their information since the days of SGML gives us the opportunity to identify more robust metadata and more unique information elements in our documents. Publishers who think towards the future have the opportunity and the duty to exploit the strengths of XML so that the added value of their markup allows their products to rise above the dull gray sea of featureless HTML5.